This work is likely not in the public domain in the US (due to first publication with the required notice after 1922, plus renewal or "restoration" under the GATT/TRIPS amendments), nor in the EU and those countries where the copyright term is life+70 years. However, it is public domain in Canada (where IMSLP is hosted) and in other countries (China, Japan, S. Korea) where the copyright term is life+50 years.
|Genre Categories||; ; ; ;; ; ;|
|Work Title||Vier letzte Lieder|
|Alternative. Title||4 Last Songs|
|Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No.||TrV 296|
|I-Catalogue NumberI-Cat. No.||IRS 48|
|Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp.||1947-49|
|Dedication||No.3 (?): Adolf Jöhr and his wife|
|Composer Time PeriodComp. Period||Romantic|
|Piece Style||Early 20th century|
Orchestra: piccolo, 3 flutes (3rd also 2nd piccolo), 2 oboes, English horn,
2 clarinets (B♭/A), bass clarinet (B♭), 2 bassoons, contrabassoon,
4 horns (F/E♭/D), 3 trumpets (C/E♭/F), 3 trombones, tuba
timpani, celesta, strings
|External Links||Wikipedia article|
Strauss was at the home of banker Adolf Jöhr on 28 July 1948 while working on one of the Hesse songs in this set, according to Jöhr's account (Richard Strauss and His World, p.108 et seq) though Jöhr does not specify which one, and Strauss dedicated the manuscript of that song to Jöhr and his wife. The author of this essay (Timothy L. Jackson) makes a case that the song was Bei Schlafengehen (the third of the four songs.) (It wasn't Frühling, which was completed and copied out 18 July 1948, whereas Jöhr saw a work which was not in quite that stage - "a manuscript more scribbled than written". The sketch for September is dated 10 September 1948.) Frühling was begun and copied out initially according to Jackson as early as 1947, though only completed 18 July 1948. Strauss was not introduced to Hesse's poetry until 1947, according to Schuh, so the first three songs were not begun until 1947.