Esquisses orchestrales (Dubois, Théodore)
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Paris: Heugel, 1911. Plate H. & Cie. 25071.
#291413: Original images: 400dpi, color jpg files approx. 4460 by 5680 pixels. Editing: re-sampled to 600dpi, converted to black and white tif files, de-skewed, and set uniform margins.
|Work Title||Esquisses orchestrales|
|First Publication||1911 – Paris: Heugel|
|Composer Time Period||Romantic|
|Instrumentation||Orchestra: 3 flutes/piccolo, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets (B♭/A), bass clarinet (B♭/A), 2 bassoons, sarrusophone + 4 horns (F/E♭), 3 trumpets (C), 3 trombones, tuba + timpani, cymbals, bass drum, triangle + strings + "clairons en Si♭ au loin" and "tambours au loin"|
The bugle ("clairon") and drums are marked "au loin", which literally means "away", so this probably means they are played off-stage.
au loin - from afar - in the distance - offstage, yes. - Schissel