Mystery (Rosary) Sonatas (Biber, Heinrich Ignaz Franz von)

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Scores and Parts

Complete

 Complete score (Color) (Preview)
#69095 - 33.22MB, 84 pp. -  5.6/10 2 4 6 8 10 (9) - V/V/V - 10473x

PDF scanned by D-Mbs
Tschabrendeki (2010/6/26)

 Complete score (Grayscale) (Preview)
#69096 - 23.65MB, 84 pp. -  4.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (9) - V/V/V - 8390x

PDF scanned by D-Mbs
Tschabrendeki (2010/6/26)

 Complete score (monochrome) (Preview)
#305803 - 6.41MB, 80 pp. -  4.5/10 2 4 6 8 10 (4) - V/V/V - 1871x

PDF scanned by D-Mbs
Irishmaestro (2013/12/6)

TN-Biber Mystery Sonatas frontispiece.jpg
Publisher Info.:

Manuscript, BSB Mus. ms.4123, n.d.(ca.1678)

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

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 Complete score and violin parts (Preview)
#48908 - 20.22MB, 154 pp. -  5.7/10 2 4 6 8 10 (19) - V/V/20* - 17660x

PDF scanned by ctesibius
ctesibius (2009/12/14)

TN-Biber C 90-105 Mystery sonatas ed Luntz.jpg
Editor:

Erwin Luntz (1877-1949)

Publisher Info.:

Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Österreich, Band 25.
Vienna: Österreichischer Bundesverlag, 1905. Plate Dm.d.Tk.in Oest.XII.2.

Copyright:

Public Domain - Non-PD EU [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

The realisation of Sonata XI within the volume (score pp.49–57 and non-scordatura violin part pp. 19–20) is largely incorrect; a corrected realisation was later issued, which appears on pages 149 to 154 of the PDF; Biber’s original part appears on pages 139 and 140 of the PDF file (or refer to pages 47–53 of the original manuscript, above).

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Selections

 Sonata I in D minor, The Annunciation
#03114 - 0.12MB, 5 pp. -  6.1/10 2 4 6 8 10 (8) - !N/!N/!N - 4156x

PDF typeset by Johan Tufvesson
Guifre (2007/1/6)

 Score transposed one tone down
#184155 - 0.13MB, 5 pp. -  8.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (3) - !N/!N/!N - 503x

PDF typeset by Johan Tufvesson
Guifre (2007/1/6)

 Violin part
#184156 - 0.10MB, 3 pp. -  4.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (3) - !N/!N/!N - 2981x

PDF typeset by Johan Tufvesson
Guifre (2007/1/6)

 Continuo part
#184157 - 0.05MB, 1 pp. -  4.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (3) - !N/!N/!N - 686x

PDF typeset by Johan Tufvesson
Guifre (2007/1/6)

Biber C 90 The Annunciation.jpg
Editor:

Johan Tufvesson

Publisher Info.:

Halmstad: Johan Tufvesson

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike 3.0 [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.

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 Sonata XI in G major, The Resurrection
#49000 - 7.44MB, 17 pp. -  6.5/10 2 4 6 8 10 (4) - V/V/C* - 3095x

PDF scanned by ctesibius
Philip Legge (2009/12/15)

Biber C 100 The Resurrection.jpg
Editor:

Erwin Luntz (1877-1949)

Publisher Info.:

Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Österreich, Band 25.
Vienna: Österreichischer Bundesverlag, 1905. Plate Dm.d.Tk.in Oest.XII.2.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Pages 1–9 comprise the original 1905 print without the faulty realisations of the violin part; pages 10–15 are the revised accompaniment, with a more correct realisation of the scordatura. The scordatura violin part as Biber wrote it is on pages 16 and 17.

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 Sonata XVI in G minor, Passagalia
#184154 - 0.13MB, 5 pp. -  6.9/10 2 4 6 8 10 (20) - !N/!N/!N - 8308x

PDF typeset by Johan Tufvesson
wrshannon (2012/3/5)

WIMA.a28f-passac.pdf
Editor:

Johan Tufvesson

Publisher Info.:

Johan Tufvesson

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike 3.0 [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.

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 Sonata XVI in G minor, Passagalia
#204897 - 0.25MB, 3 pp. -  4.3/10 2 4 6 8 10 (7) - !N/!N/!N - 4690x

PDF typeset by Jean Michel Delabre
Reccmo (2012/4/15)

 Fingerings, bowings and ornaments
#204898 - 0.29MB, 3 pp. -  4.7/10 2 4 6 8 10 (3) - !N/!N/!N - 2362x

PDF typeset by Jean Michel Delabre
Reccmo (2012/4/15)

 Preface
#204899 - 0.05MB, 1 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 866x

PDF typeset by Jean Michel Delabre
Reccmo (2012/4/15)

WIMA.e840-passacva.pdf
Editor:

Jean Michel Delabre

Publisher Info.:

Jean Michel Delabre

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike 3.0 [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.

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Arrangements and Transcriptions

Sonata XVI in G minor

For Cello solo (Hamrefors)

 Passagalia
#264319 - 0.05MB, 4 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 1210x

PDF typeset by arranger
Erik Hamrefors (2013/1/2)

PMLP07754-Passacaglia Cello.pdf
Arranger:

Erik Hamrefors

Publisher Info.:

Erik Hamrefors

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike 3.0 [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Transposed to C minor

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General Information

Work Title Mystery (Rosary) Sonatas [and Passacaglia]
Alternative Title Rosenkranz-Sonaten; Copper-Engraving Sonatas
Composer Biber, Heinrich Ignaz Franz von
Opus/Catalogue Number C 90–105
Movements/Sections 16
Year/Date of Composition ?1674
First Publication 1905
Piece Style Baroque
Instrumentation Violin and basso continuo


Misc. Comments

The Mystery (or Rosary) Sonatas constitute one of the virtuoso high points of the Baroque violin literature, as in addition to the daring technical and contrapuntal demands of Biber’s writing, each sonata employs a different tuning of the violin’s strings, known as scordatura (the first sonata and the final passacaglia alone employ the standard violin tuning). In addition the eleventh sonata requires the violinist to cross over the middle strings at the bridge and nut to allow octave tunings between the adjacent pairs of outer strings. Each of the violin sonatas is accompanied by a figured continuo bass, whereas the passacaglia is for violin alone. The collection of sonatas survives in a manuscript copy with engravings accompanying each of the sections and portraying the depicted scene.

A lengthy but illuminating discussion of the background for this style of composition is found at Dr James Clements’ website, entitled Penetrating the Mysteries.

Tunings for the 15 Mystery Sonatas and Passacaglia

15 Sonatas and Passacaglia

The Joyful Mysteries

  • Sonata 1 in D minor, The Annunciation, senza scordatura
Præludium. Aria allegro – Variation – Adagio. Finale
  • Sonata 2 in A major, Mary's Visit to Elizabeth, scordatura a e' a' e''
Sonata. Presto. Allemande. Presto
  • Sonata 3 in B minor, The Nativity, scordatura b f' b' d''
Sonata – Presto. Courante – Double. Adagio
  • Sonata 4 in D minor, The Presentation, scordatura a d' a' d''
Ciacona – Adagio – Presto – Adagio
  • Sonata 5 in A major, Child Jesus in the Temple, scordatura a e' a' c''
Præludium – Presto. Allemande. Gigue. Sarabande – Double.

The Sorrowful Mysteries

  • Sonata 6 in C minor, The Agony in the Garden, scordatura a e' g' d''
Lamento – Adagio – Presto. [Aria] – Adagio – Adagio
  • Sonata 7 in F major, The Scourging of Jesus, scordatura c' f' a' c''
Allemande – Variation. Sarabande – Variation.
  • Sonata 8 in B major, The Crown of Thorns, scordatura d' f' b' d''
Sonata, Adagio – Presto – Adagio. Gigue – Double, Presto – Double II
  • Sonata 9 in A minor, Carrying the Cross, scordatura c' e' a' e''
Sonata. Courante – Double. Finale
  • Sonata 10 in G minor, The Crucifixion, scordatura g d' a' d''
Præludium. Aria – Variatio – Adagio

The Glorious Mysteries

  • Sonata 11 in G major, The Resurrection, scordatura g d' × g' d'' (= g g' d' d'')
Sonata – Surrexit Christus hodie. Adagio
  • Sonata 12 in C major, The Ascension, scordatura c' e' g' c''
Intrada. Aria Tubicinum. Allemande. Courante – Double
  • Sonata 13 in D minor, The Holy Ghost, scordatura a e' c'' e''
Sonata. Gavotte. Gigue. Sarabande
  • Sonata 14 in D major, The Assumption of Mary, scordatura a e' a' d''
[Prelude] – Grave – Adagio. Aria – Aria – Gigue
  • Sonata 15 in C major, Crowning of the Virgin Mary, scordatura g c' g' d''
Sonata. Aria – Canzone. Sarabande

The Guardian Angel

  • Passacaglia in G minor for solo violin, senza scordatura
Passagalia – Adagio – Allegro – Adagio

Copper-plate engravings

Sonata I in d, The Annunciation Sonata II in A, Mary's Visit to Elizabeth Sonata III in b, The Nativity Sonata IV in d, The Presentation
Sonata V in A, Child Jesus in the Temple Sonata VI in c, The Agony in the Garden Sonata VII in F, The Scourging of Jesus Sonata VIII in B♭, The Crown of Thorns
Sonata IX in a, Carrying the Cross Sonata X in g, The Crucifixion Sonata XI in G, The Resurrection Sonata XII in C, The Ascension
Sonata XIII in d, The Holy Ghost Sonata XIV in D, The Assumption of Mary into Heaven Sonata XV in C, Crowning of the Virgin Mary Passagalia in g, The Guardian Angel
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