Sonata for Violin, Oboe, Organ, Chalumeau and Continuo, RV 779 (Vivaldi, Antonio)
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Scores and Parts
Unusually, the performers' names are prefixed to the instruments in the score - and they appear to have been women; Sigra being the abbreviation for Signora (Miss, Lady). The names are barely readable, but appear to be: Signora Prudenza, Violin; Signora Pelegrina, Oboe; Signora Lucietta, organ; Signora Candida, salmoe (chalumeau).
|Work Title||Sonata for Violin, Oboe, obligate Organ and Salmoe/Chalumeau|
|Alternative Title||Sonata for Violin, Oboe and Basso|
|Opus/Catalogue Number||RV 779|
|Instrumentation||violin, oboe, organ, chalumeau (ad lib.), continuo|
The chalumeau is the immediate predecessor to the clarinet. Like the recorder, it came in SATB ranges, so pick a clarinet that matches the range of the part. In this case, since it is a lower part, and there are some concert Fs that would be below the alto clarinet range, a bass clarinet would have to be used. Bear in mind that the sound of the chalumeau was softer and less direct than the clarinet sound, so it mustn't be played with any strong or strident tone quality. Still, it is a sound that blends very well with the organ continuo. So although you can use several different choices for the basso continuo (including none at all, since the organ doesn't need the basso to help sustain notes like a harpsichord does), a bass clarinet played with the right tonal quality could sound very good with this combination.