||Holograph manuscript, n.d.(ca.1914)
||Motto by Viggo Stuckenberg (1863-1905) on title-page
||Symphony No.3 in C major
|Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No.
||Op.32 ; JC 58
|I-Catalogue NumberI-Cat. No.
|Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp.
||1911-13 (9th August)
|Average DurationAvg. Duration
|Composer Time PeriodComp. Period
||Early 20th century
- 3 flutes (2 also piccolo), 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets (A),
- bass clarinet (A), 2 bassoons, contrabassoon
- 6 horns (F), 3 Trumpets (F), 3 trombones, tuba
timpani, triangle, tam-tam, cymbals, bass drum, field drum,
tubular bells, glockenspiel, 2 harps, strings
Ludolf Nielsens third symphony op. 32 is one of the biggest danish symphonies ever written and marks the end of LN's symphonic work. This monumental four-movement work stands under a motto of Viggo Stuckenberg. "Verden ser jeg med Blomster besat/ved, Lykken kræven en Uvejrsnat" - "I see the world adorned with flowers/ but know, that luck requires a storming night". This storming night can be heard in the third and also in the forth movement. The third one, a "sommer-idyll" was written under the impression of Magnus Lemche death. This very close friend died in 1912 with just 31 years.
- Biggest - in orchestral forces required? In duration? (It's about as long as Paul Klenau's choral 9th, iirc, and shorter than several by Rued Langgaard (e.g. Symphony 1 (1908-11) at around an hour or over), not to mention several other exceptions I expect, but you're probably right- depending. (Ah, another example; Leif Segerstam's symphony no.16, likewise 53-54 minutes in the one performance available.) - ES
Biggest is meant in comparison with the orchestral setting (six horns, two harps, etc are very seldom in danish scores). But you're quite right, Klenau's 9th is much longer than Nielsens third. By the way - Leif Segerstam is not danish :-) - CB
- Oh, ouch, Finnish. Right. I tried to look the rest up, shouldn't have trusted to memory on that... Hrm. As to orchestral scoring of Danish symphonies, do you mean up to then or then and now? (Hrm. Nørgård 6 -does- require 6 horns, but only 1 harp (also 1 piano) (listing from DNB: "4(Picc,3 AltFl,BassFl).3(3 EHr).EHr.3(BassKlar,Klar in Es).3(Ktfg).Ktfg.-18.104.22.168.,Pk, Schlzg(3), Hrf, Klav, Str") - 6 horns are somewhat unusual anyhow, judging from a quick browse of IMSLP scores (Szymanowski 3, Bax 4, Lyapunov 2, Bischoff 1, Dohnanyi D minor, Graener D minor, Brian's first symphony, Zweers' 3rd, Myaskovsky's 2 through 6, 8, Suk Asrael, Mlynarski's symphony, Huber's 7th, Mahler 2&5, a few other syms. & orchestral works listed...)