Wär Gott nicht mit uns diese Zeit, BWV 14 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)

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BWV0014.pdf
Editor:

Moritz Hauptmann (1792–1868)
First edition

Publisher Info.:

Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe, Band 2 (pp.99-132)
Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1852. Plate B.W. II.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

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PMLP03253-bwv014.pdf
Arranger:

Bernhard Todt (1822-1907), piano reduction

Language:

German / English

Publisher Info.:

Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, n.d.(1891). Plate J.S.B. I.14

Reprinted:

New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(after 1933). Catalog K.6527 (English text added)

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Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Based on the Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe

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PMLP03253-CANTATA BWV 014 - J.S.BACH - 2ª EDICION - TEXTOS Y PARTITURAS.pdf
Editor:

Antonio Armendáriz (2nd edition)

Language:

German / Spanish / French / English

Publisher Info.:

Lodosa: Antonio Armendáriz Navarro

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Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 [tag/del]

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Textos en Alemán, Francés, Español e Inglés. Alta calidad

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General Information

Work Title Wär Gott nicht mit uns diese Zeit
Alternative Title Were God Not with Us This Time
Composer Bach, Johann Sebastian
Opus/Catalogue Number BWV 14
Movements/Sections 5 sections
  1. (Coro): Wär Gott nicht mit uns diese Zeit
  2. Aria: Unsre Stärke heißt zu schwach
  3. Recitativo: Ja, hätt es Gott nur zugegeben
  4. Aria: Gott, bei deinem starken Schützen
  5. Chorale: Gott Lob und Dank, der nicht zugab
Year/Date of Composition 1735
First Performance 1735-01-30 in Leipzig
First Publication 1852 (BGA)
Librettist Luther (Chorale)
Language German
Average Duration 18 minutes
Piece Style Baroque
Instrumentation Vocal — Soloists (STB), Chorus (SATB)
Orchestra — 2 Oboes, Horn, Trumpet (horn?), Strings, BC
External Links Wikipedia article
Bach-Cantatas.com
Wär Gott nicht mit uns diese Zeit - scores at Sheet Music Plus


Misc. Comments

For the 4th Sunday after Epiphany.

Commentary on the movements

  1. (Coro): "Wär Gott nicht mit uns diese Zeit" for choral and instrumental tutti. This movement is an interesting anomaly; instead of Bach's typical ritornello chorale form, this movement adopts a motet form; each line of the chorale is treated in imitation and then as a sort of cantus firmus. Additionally, every subject is followed by its inversion, and then its augmentation given by the horns and oboes, creating a rich five-voice texture.
  2. Aria: "Unsre Stärke heißt zu schwach" for soprano, corno da caccia, strings, and continuo. This aria "acquires particular sonic charm from the trumpet...added to the string orchestra." (1). In comparison to the first movement, this is a relatively conventional movement in bright colours and clear textures.
  3. Recitativo: "Ja, hätt es Gott nur zugegeben" for tenor and continuo. Recitativo secco; the continuo is furiously active in this movement, with some very fast passages under certain movements.
  4. Aria: "Gott, bei deinem starken Schützen" for bass, oboes, and continuo. This movement is much more solemn, but the oboe and bass writing make this a rather exciting aria.
  5. Chorale: "Gott Lob und Dank, der nicht zugab" for choral and instrumental tutti colle parti. A standard 4-part chorale, with consistent eighth-note motion in the inner voices.

Print Sources Consulted

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach
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