Concerto for Violin and Cello in A major, RV 546 (Vivaldi, Antonio)

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PDF scanned by Generoso
Generoso (2013/1/15)

Publisher. Info. Holograph manuscript, n.d.[1700-41].
Copyright
Misc. Notes Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria, Turin (I-Tn): Giordano 28, f.180-189
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PDF scanned by Piupianissimo
Piupianissimo (2015/1/13)

Editor Gian Francesco Malipiero (1882-1973)
Publisher. Info. Le Opere di Antonio Vivaldi, Vol. F.IV n.6, Tomo 146
Milano: G. Ricordi & C., 1952. Plate P.R. 596.
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Misc. Notes scan: score scanned at 600dpi (High Quality Scanning)
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Bagira (2014/5/26)

Editor Gyula Pfeiffer
Publisher. Info. Gyula Pfeiffer
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Parts

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6 more: Cello solo • Violins I • Violins II • Violas • Cellos and Basses • Organ

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Editor Gyula Pfeiffer
Publisher. Info. Gyula Pfeiffer
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Arrangements and Transcriptions

For Harpsichord, Strings and Continuo (Pfeiffer)

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5 more: Harpsichord solo • Violins I • Violins II • Violas • Cellos and Basses

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Arranger Gyula Pfeiffer
Publisher. Info. Gyula Pfeiffer
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Misc. Notes Because this work is quite popular, I did an arrangement with the keyboard as solo. Vivaldi spins in his grave - but this music is beautiful for keyboard players. :) Good luck for the performance, Gyula Pfeiffer (editor).
This version for harpsichord solo was included in the Ryom catalogue (RV 780), based on an incorrect reading of the title of RV 546. It has been removed.
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General Information

Work Title Concerto for Violin and Cello in A major
Alternative. Title Concerto con uno violino et uno violoncello obbligato all'inglese
Composer Vivaldi, Antonio
Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No. RV 546
I-Catalogue NumberI-Cat. No. IAV 189
Key A major
Composer Time PeriodComp. Period Baroque
Piece Style Baroque
Instrumentation Violin, Cello (or Viol), Strings and Continuo

Navigation etc.

  • all'inglese note:

The name Vivaldi and the instrument viola da gamba were, until fairly recently, seldom mentioned in the same sentence. The viol, from the mid 17th century had pretty much disappeared in Italy whereas to to north of the Alps was still florishing. It was the simple fact that it had been replaced first by the bass violin and then by the cello.

Interestingly, in about five or so of his more than 800 works, Vivaldi included some movements for an instrument that Vivaldi calls viola inglese (English viol), viola all inglese or violoncello all'ingelse (which is perhaps the case with this RV 546 work). This, perhaps was an instrument not from the violin family even though for hundreds of years these parts were performed on the baritone cello by musicians. It seems to be that the viola da gamba had not disappeared entirely in Italy. Vivaldi was taught the viol by his father Giovanni Battista Vivaldi (who himself worked at the Ospedale dei mendicanti in Venice, which in fact had a consort of seven viols). Starting from 1704 Antonio Vivaldi taught not only violin class and also taught the "viola all’inglese" at the Ospedale della Pietà. There is even evidence of instruments being loaned to the various institutions of the Pietà by wealthy Venetian people. Therefore the golden age of the viol at the Pietà coincided closely with the period during which Vivaldi composed works including this instrument, which was around 1720.

This piece therefore could have been written expressly for the viola da gamba because of the handwritten note by the composer calling for the violoncello obligato all’inglese. This concerto (RV 546) dates from about 1720, gives a relatively new use of this instrument; the contrast between the tones of the violin and the bass viol is extremely fascinating. The original manuscript, which is preserved in Torino, Italy in the Biblioteca Nationale, show Vivaldi’s extraordinary inventiveness in the combination of timbres and the development of the concertante and virtuoso language.

Cello Concertos by Antonio Vivaldi