T.B. Harms

Max Dreyfus (1874-1964)
The first success (1883)
Jerome Kern cover
Youmans later cover
Gershwin Harms-New World cover
Harms-FDH cover (1916)



Harms was the largest publisher of popular sheet music in the United States in 1920. This was at the height of the pre-radio, film, and record era, when fortunes could be made from only two sources: live performances (vaudeville and theatrical shows) and printed scores. The business talent which propelled Harms to this position was that of Max Dreyfus (1874-1964), not the Harms themselves.

Much earlier, in 1875 the two Harms brothers Alexander T. Harms (1856–1901) and Thomas B. Harms (1860-1906) founded a music publishing firm in New York and named it T.B. Harms & Co. It succeeded in promoting popular sheet music in spite of the limited mass media of the time. Among its successes were When the Robins Nest Again (1883) and The Letter That Never Came.

Twenty-five years later, in 1901, the enterprising Max Dreyfus (1874-1964), a musical arranger, bought a 25% interest in the firm and within three years (1904) bought the firm outright, keeping the name T.B. Harms & Co., Inc. He had a unique ability to find new composers, and within ten years he had signed nearly every significant popular composer of the day: Jerome Kern, George Gershwin, Vincent Youmans, Richard Rodgers, and Cole Porter. The firm's proximity to America's theatrical music mecca of Broadway was a great help.

From 1908 to 1920 the British firm Francis, Day & Hunter owned one-third of the company's stock and the firm was known as T.B.Harms & Francis, Day & Hunter; this allowed Harms to widen its market to the U.K. and the British Empire, and at the same time helped Francis, Day & Hunter to sell its British songs in the U.S.

The 1920s brought big changes. Louis Dreyfus (1877–1967), Max’s brother, became the New York manager for the British publisher Chappell. Francis, Day & Hunter sold its interest in Harms and the firm's name reverted to T.B. Harms, Inc. In 1927 Harms set up New World Music Corporation to market the Gershwins’ music. Finally, in 1929 Dreyfus sold out to Warner Brothers, who renamed it Music Publishers Holding Corporation. From 1935 Max Dreyfus worked with his brother Louis at Chappell's New York office.


Imprints, Addresses, Agencies


  • T.B. Harms & Co. (1881)
  • T.B. Harms & Francis, Day & Hunter (1908-1920)
  • T.B. Harms (1920-1929)
  • New World Music Corporation (from 1927) - Music of George Gershwin
  • Music Publishers Holding Corporation (1929 forward, after sale to Warner Brothers)


Plate Numbers


Sources Consulted

Authority Control