1812 Overture, Op.49 (Tchaikovsky, Pyotr)
Moscow: P. Jurgenson, n.d.. Plate 4592.
Leipzig: Eulenburg, n.d.(ca.1900). Plate E.E. 3724.
Aleksandr Nikolayev (1903–1980)
P.I. Tchaikovsky: Complete Collected Works, vol.25 (pp.189-231) (Полное собрание сочинений).
Moscow: Muzgiz, 1961. Plate M. 28816 Г.
New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(after 1965).
Original title page, plate numbers and appendix omitted in reprint
As with the Marche Slav, the composer's quotation of God Save the Tsar was replaced with other music. Translated footnotes:
1. In the autograph and edition by Jurgenson there is a note: "The bells should be big; their intonation neutral; they should be struck so as to simulate festive ringing."
2. In the autograph "Bombardon" and a note which is also in Jurgenson's edition: "An instrument used in theaters for the representation of cannon fire."
3. In the autograph and edition by Jurgenson there is a note: "If the makeup of the orchestra allows, it is desirable that this passage be performed by 8 cellos and 4 violas, 2 on each part."
. Plate TH-049
Restoring former Russian anthem God Save the Tsar
Published with the permission of the editor
Cornet 1, 2 (B♭); Horn 1, 2, 3, 4 (F); Trombone 1/2, Tuba, Drums
*#40749 - 0.81MB, 9 (1 ea.) pp. - (3) - V/V/V - 7830x⇩
Arrangements and Transcriptions
For Military Band (Laurendeau)
For 2 Pianos, 8 hands (Langer)
For 2 Pianos, 4 hands (Isida)
For Piano 4 hands
Leipzig: D. Rahter, n.d.(ca.1900). Plate 1183.
For Organ (Kraft)
For Piano solo (Esipoff)
For Piano solo
|Work Title||1812 Overture|
|Alternative Title||The Year 1812 / 1812 год (1812 god)|
|Opus/Catalogue Number||Op.49 ; TH 49 ; ČW 46|
|Movements/Sections||Largo—Allegro giusto (E♭ major, 428 bars)|
|Year/Date of Composition||1880|
|First Performance||1882-08-20 — Moscow, Art & Industry Exhibition: Ippolit Altani (conductor)|
|First Publication||1882 — Moscow: P. Jurgenson.
|Average Duration||15 minutes|
|Instrumentation||Orchestra: piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets (B♭), 2 bassoons + 4 horns (F), 2 cornets (B♭), 2 trumpets (E♭), 3 trombones, tuba + timpani, triangle, tambourine, side drum, cymbals, bass drum, bells, cannon + strings + military band (ad lib.)|
|Extra Information||The 1961 Soviet score is infamous for its substitution of the anthem "God Save the Tsar" (Bozhe, Tsaria Khrani - A. Lvov) near the end with another quotation -- ironically -- a setting of the tune of the final chorus ("Slav'sja") from Glinka's A Life for the Tsar (known in Soviet times as Ivan Susanin). Tchaikovsky's original appeared in the appendix.|
The earliest version of the score to include sections for chorus parts was prepared ca.1960 by the American conductor Igor Buketoff (1915-2001), and remains in copyright.