Dansk National Sang af Juliane Marie Jessen, G.158 (Gerson, Georg)

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Sheet Music

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Publisher. Info. Manuscript, 1823
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Misc. Notes From the collection Partiturer No. 5, Royal Library Copenhagen mu 7105.0963 C II, 6b
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Arrangements and Transcriptions

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24 more: Complete Contemporized Score • Flute • Oboe 1 • Oboe 2 • Clarinet 1 (C) • Clarinet 2 (C) • Clarinet 1 (B♭, transposed) • Clarinet 2 (B♭, transposed) • Bassoon 1 • Bassoon 2 • Natural Horn 1 (G) • Natural Horn 2 (G) • Horn 1 (F, transposed) • Horn 2 (F, transposed) • Clarino (Natural Trumpet) 1 (C) • Clarino (Natural Trumpet) 2 (C) • Trumpet 1 (B♭, transposed) • Trumpet 2 (B♭, transposed) • Bass Trombone • Timpani • Violins I • Violins II • Violas • Cellos/Basses

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Arranger Composer
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30 more: Complete Contemporized Score • Flauto ottava 1 (E♭, transposed) • Flauto ottava 2 (E♭, transposed) • Flute 1 • Flute 2 • Oboe 1 • Oboe 2 • Sopranino Clarinet 1 (E♭) • Sopranino Clarinet 2 (E♭) • Clarinet 1 (B♭) • Clarinet 2 (B♭) • Bassoon 1 • Bassoon 2 • Natural Horn 1 (E♭) • Natural Horn 2 (E♭) • Natural Horn 3 (B♭) • Natural Horn 4 (B♭) • Horn 1 (F, transposed) • Horn 2 (F, transposed) • Horn 3 (F, transposed) • Horn 4 (F, transposed) • Clarino 1 (Natural Trumpet, E♭) • Clarino 2 (Natural Trumpet, E♭) • Clarino 3 (Natural Trumpet, B♭) • Trumpet 1 (B♭, transposed) • Trumpet 2 (B♭, transposed) • Trumpet 3 (B♭, transposed) • Bass Trombone • Serpa (serpent) and Corno basso (serpent type) • Bass Drum and Cymbals

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Arranger Composer
Editor Christian Mondrup
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Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.
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Copyright
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Arranger Composer
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General Information

Work Title Dansk National Sang af Juliane Marie Jessen
Alternative. Title
Composer Gerson, Georg
Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No. G.158
I-Catalogue NumberI-Cat. No. IGG 32
Key G major
Movements/SectionsMov'ts/Sec's 1 song
Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp. 1819 (August 9 to 16)
Librettist Juliane Marie Jessen (1760-1832)
Language Danish
Composer Time PeriodComp. Period Romantic
Piece Style Romantic
Instrumentation voice, piano - arranged for male chorus or military band
2 piccolo flutes (E)*, 2 oboes, clarinets (2 in E, 2 in B), 2 bassoons
4 horns (2 in E, 2 in B), 2 trumpets (2 in E, 1 in B)
bass trombone, serpent, corno basso***,
cymbals, bass drum
*The composer names the flutes Flauti in Es 8va, a piccolo flute (flautino) tuned in E. It was favored particularly in military circles (see Vienna Symphonic Library) but is also found in other 19th century music like the symphonic poem Die Weihe der Töne by Louis Spohr (1784–1859), Op.86.
**The keyed bugle was invented 1810. See Handbuch der Musikinstrumentenkunde
by Curt Sachs (Leipzig, 1930. pp.266ff) and the German language Wikipedia article on Klappenhorn.
***The corno basso was developed from the serpent around 1800. See Handbuch der Musikinstrumentenkunde
by Curt Sachs (Leipzig, 1930. pp.264ff) and the German language Wikipedia article on Basshorn.
or orchestra
Extra Information Jessen's text was the winner of a competition on a new Danish national anthem held in 1818 by the society, 'Selskabet til de skiønne og nyttige Videnskabers Forfremmelse' (The Society for the promotion of the fine and useful arts).

The winner of the subsequent competition for the best tune was Nationalsang by Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse (1774-1842). This song, however, never became a national anthem. Gerson's tune may have been among the 24 submitted compositions. At least its settings adhere more or less to the competition conditions: a score for grand orchestra, a score for a military wind orchestra, and a score for 3-4 singers with piano accompaniment. Further studies in the archive of the society are required. See Jørgen Poul Erichsen, Den kronede danske nationalsang fra 1819 og hvad deraf fulgte, en litterær pennefejde med et musikalsk efterspil in'Fund og Forskning', vol. 22, 1976.
Today there are two official Danish national anthems, Kong Christian stod ved højen mast and Der er et yndigt land. The text of the latter was written 1819 by the poet Adam Oehlenschläger (1779-1850), in the year of the above mentioned competition. It's unknown, however, whether the poem was submitted to the competition. The tune used today was written 1835 by Hans Ernst Krøyer (1798-1879).