The firm of P. Jurgenson (in Russian: П. Юргенсон) was founded in 1861 by Pyotr Ivanovich Jurgenson (1836-1904) with the assistance of Nikolay Rubinstein (1835-1881, brother of Anton Rubinstein). Jurgenson was born in Tallinn (then called Reval), worked as a music engraver from 1855-59 for the St. Petersburg publisher F. Stellovsky, and as house manager for the Moscow publisher C.F. Schildbach. In 1867, the company expanded to include a printing plant.
Beginning in 1870, Jurgenson bought out numerous smaller Russian publishers including M. Bernard (1885), K. Maykov (1889) and Y.A. Sokolov (1896). He was easily the largest music publisher in Russia long before his death in 1904. The firm was inherited by his sons Boris and Grigory but was ultimately expropriated by the Communist regime in 1918.
The Jurgenson facilities at 14 Neglinny Prospekt thereafter served as the offices of the music division of the State Publishing House, known in various incarnations as Gosudarstvennoye Muzykalnoe Izdatelstvo, the acronym Muzgiz, or Muzyka. Following privatisation in 2004 the company reverted to its original name of P. Jurgenson.
The St. Petersburg office (J. or I. Jurgenson) passed to Pytor's brother Iosif upon his death in 1904, while the main office in Moscow passed to Pyotr's sons Boris and Grigory. Operating independently as late as 1915, it was characterized by Sergei Prokofiev called "a second-rate publisher who had no direct connection with the "big" Jurgenson".
The Imperial Emblem (Double Eagle) did not appear until ca.1895.
The Grand Prizes of 1896, 1900 appear on later printings.
Note: Jurgenson plate numbers were assigned in a regular ascending order for the most part. The list below gives ranges of numbers and corresponding year dates. In 1886, there was a huge jump due to the acquisition of St. Petersburg publisher M. Bernard the previous year.
1 -115 (1861-64)
This table is approximate; when better estimates can be had and sought, use them instead (e.g. if one finds an item in scanned issues of.)