Ich hatte viel Bekümmernis, BWV 21 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)

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Sinfonia (No.1)

For Oboe and Harpsichord or Organ (Kahlert)

 MIDI Performance
#212427 - 0.01MB - ? -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - - !N/!N/!N - 218x

MID file (audio/video)
Reccmo (2012/4/30)

Performers:

Synthesized MIDI

Publisher Info.:

Matthias Kahlert

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike 3.0 [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.

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Sheet Music

Full Scores

Complete

 Complete Score
#00909 - 5.85MB, 66 pp. -  5.6/10 2 4 6 8 10 (10) - V/V/V - 10546x

PDF scanned by Unknown
Feldmahler (2006/5/18)

BWV0021.pdf
Editor:

Wilhelm Rust (1822–1892)
First edition

Publisher Info.:

Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe, Band 5 (pp.ii, 64)
Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1855. Plate B.W. V.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

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Sinfonia (No.1)

 Complete score
#240714 - 0.08MB, 4 pp. -  3.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (2) - !N/!N/!N - 1813x

PDF typeset by Editor
wrshannon (2012/7/6)

 Engraving files (PMX)
#240715 - 0.01MB, ? pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 289x

ZIP typeset by Editor
wrshannon (2012/7/6)

WIMA.8d15-bwv21.pdf
Editor:

Martin Straeten

Publisher Info.:

Martin Straeten

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike 3.0 [tag/del]

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These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.

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Parts

Sinfonia (No.1)

 Oboe
#240716 - 0.04MB, 1 pp. -  10.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1) - !N/!N/!N - 917x

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wrshannon (2012/7/6)

 Violins I and II
#240717 - 0.04MB, 1 pp. -  2.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1) - !N/!N/!N - 376x

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wrshannon (2012/7/6)

 Violas
#240718 - 0.03MB, 1 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 183x

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wrshannon (2012/7/6)

 Continuo (Cellos, Basses, Keyboard)
#240719 - 0.03MB, 1 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 553x

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wrshannon (2012/7/6)

WIMA.d3da-p ob.pdf
Editor:

Martin Straeten

Publisher Info.:

Martin Straeten

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike 3.0 [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.

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Vocal Scores

 Complete Score
#24187 - 3.74MB, 71 pp. -  6.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1) - V/V/V - 4429x

PDF scanned by bh2000
Perlnerd666 (2008/11/9)

PMLP03277-bwv021.pdf
Arranger:

Bernhard Todt (1822–1907), piano reduction

Language:

German / English

Publisher Info.:

Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, n.d.(1891). Plate J.S.B. I.21

Reprinted:

New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(after 1933).
English text added, score re-formatted to 71 pages from 54.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Based on the Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe

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Arrangements and Transcriptions

Sinfonia (No.1)

For Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bassoon and Horn (Schneider)

 Complete Score
#90416 - 0.05MB, 2 pp. -  10.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (2) - !N/!N/!N - 1090x

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TAS (2011/1/16)

 Flute
#101456 - 0.03MB, 1 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 407x

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TAS (2011/5/8)

 Oboe
#101457 - 0.03MB, 2 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 476x

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TAS (2011/5/8)

 Clarinet (B)
#101458 - 0.03MB, 1 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 335x

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TAS (2011/5/8)

 Horn (F)
#101459 - 0.03MB, 2 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 322x

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TAS (2011/5/8)

 Bassoon
#101460 - 0.03MB, 1 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 264x

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TAS (2011/5/8)

PMLP149217-Sinfonia BWV 21.pdf
Arranger:

Thomas A. Schneider

Publisher Info.:

Thomas A. Schneider, 2011.

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 3.0 [tag/del]

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For Oboe and Harpsichord or Organ (Kahlert)

 Complete score
#26752 - 0.35MB, 3 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 1425x

PDF typeset by arranger
Zapane (2009/1/14)

 Engraving files (NoteEdit, Lilypond)
#212426 - 0.00MB, ? pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 100x

ZIP typeset by arranger
Reccmo (2012/4/30)

PMLP03277-bwv21-ObCb.pdf
Arranger:

M. Kahlert

Publisher Info.:

M. Kahlert

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 [tag/del]

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These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.

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Aria: Seufzer, Thränen, Kummer, Noth (No.3)

For Organ solo (Bækgaard)

 Complete Score
#131287 - 0.03MB, 3 pp. -  7.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (4) - !N/!N/!N - 1242x

PDF typeset by arranger
wrshannon (2011/10/1)

 about the transcription
#134676 - 0.00MB, 1 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 211x

PDF typeset by arranger
wrshannon (2011/10/1)

 Engraving files (Finale)
#176928 - 0.01MB, ? pp. -  2.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (1) - !N/!N/!N - 136x

ZIP typeset by arranger
wrshannon (2011/10/1)

WIMA.bff5-trio021a.pdf
Arranger:

Peter Bækgaard

Publisher Info.:

Peter Bækgaard

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike 3.0 [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection, and are also included in the Peter Bækgaard Collection.

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For Piano solo (Manzotti)

 Complete Score
#192408 - 1.17MB, 5 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - V/V/V - 607x

PDF scanned by US-Wc
Schissel (2012/3/24)

PMLP149217-Bach21n3arrManzotti.pdf
Arranger:

Giacomo Batista Manzotti (fl.1883–fl.1885)

Publisher Info.:

New York: J.O. von Prochaźka, Elite Edition 160, 1885.

Copyright:

Public Domain [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Dedicated to Rafael Joseffy. Called just "Seufzer und Kommer". (The arranger in turn is given as "Mangotti" on the first page of score, but there are enough other examples of his work scanned and mentioned on the front and back page to make "Manzotti" clearer.)

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Books

 Complete Book with score examples (Part 1)
#90711 - 5.16MB, 204 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 775x

PDF typeset by editor
Antonio Armendáriz (2011/1/19)

 Complete Book with score examples (Part 2)
#90714 - 5.97MB, 218 pp. -  0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (0) - !N/!N/!N - 262x

PDF typeset by editor
Antonio Armendáriz (2011/1/19)

PMLP149217-CANTATA BWV 021 - PARTE I - J.S.BACH - 2ª EDICION - TEXTOS Y PARTITURAS.pdf
Editor:

Antonio Armendáriz (2nd edition)

Language:

German / Spanish / French / English

Publisher Info.:

Lodosa: Antonio Armendáriz Navarro

Copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 [tag/del]

Misc. Notes:

Textos biográficos en cuatro idiomas (alemán, español, francés e inglés). Partituras en alta calidad

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General Information

Work Title Ich hatte viel Bekümmernis
Alternative Title I had much affliction
Composer Bach, Johann Sebastian
Opus/Catalogue Number BWV 21
Key C minor
Movements/Sections 2 Parts, 11 movements
  • Erster teil
1. Sinfonia
2. Chorus: Ich Hatte viel Bekümmernis in meinem Herzen
3. Aria (Soprano): Seufzer, Tränen, Kummer, Not
4. Recitativo (Tenor): Wie hast du dich, mein Gott
5. Aria (Tenor): Bäche von gesalznen Zähren
6. Chorus: Was betrübst du dich, meine Seele
  • Zweiter teil
7. Recitativo (Soprano, Bass): Ach Jesu, meine Ruh
8. Aria (Duet, Soprano, Bass): Komm, mein Jesu, und erquicke; Ja, ich komme und erquicke
9. Chorus [+Chorale]: Sei nun wieder zufrieden, meine Seele
10. Aria (Tenor): Erfreue dich, Seele, erfreue dich, Herze
11. Chorus: Das Lamm, das erwürget ist
Year/Date of Composition 1713-14
First Performance 1714-06-17 in Weimar
First Publication 1855 (BGA)
Librettist Psalms 94, 42, 116. Revelations 5:12-3. Salomo Franck; Georg Neumark (9th movement only)
Language German
Average Duration 44 minutes
Piece Style Baroque
Instrumentation Vocal — Soloists (STB), Chorus (SATB + Ripieno)
Orchestra — Oboe, Bassoon, 3 Trumpets, 4 Trombones (doubling), Timpani, Strings, BC
External Links Wikipedia article
Bach-Cantatas.com


Misc. Comments

For the 3rd Sunday after Trinity.

Commentary on the movements

  1. Sinfonia. This perhaps may have been written for the Weimar performance. A slow piece with Oboe and first violin in prominent solos.
  2. Chorus: Ich Hatte viel Bekümmernis in meinem Herzen. Mattheson criticized this movement for its use of repetition ("Ich, ich, ich"). In two parts: a choral fugue; then, after a transition, a vivace polyphonic section.
  3. Aria (Soprano): Seufzer, Tränen, Kummer, Not. Includes an obbligato oboe part with a notably 7-measure opening solo. An extremely expressive movement: "It might be considered one of the most moving arias that Bach ever wrote"1.
  4. Recitativo (Tenor): Wie hast du dich, mein Gott. A recitative stromentato with strings providing the harmony for the tenor.
  5. Aria (Tenor): Bäche von gesalznen Zähren. The rivers of tears are the fount of the motives of this movement, which changes to a more excitable temperament at "Sturm und Wellen mich versehren"
  6. Chorus: Was betrübst du dich, meine Seele. Dürr calls this a "fantasia and fugue." The fugue is a textbook (literally) permutation fugue; the fantasia is a free, expressive movement.

Sermon

  1. (7) Recitativo (Soprano, Bass): Ach Jesu, meine Ruh. A dialogue between Seele and Jesu. The form is not consistently applied (obviously) through the cantata, which makes this a rather strange appearance. Again, the strings provide a foundation.
  2. (8) Aria (Duet, Soprano, Bass): Komm, mein Jesu, und erquicke / Ja, ich komme und erquicke. This is exactly like a neapolitan love duet in an opera, with the imitation, thirds, and rhyming ends of phrases.
  3. (9) Chorus [+Chorale1]: Sei nun wieder zufrieden, meine Seele. A chorale motet. Imitative structure, which gradually builds up to a (originally) final climax.
  4. (10) Aria (Tenor): Erfreue dich, Seele, erfreue dich, Herze. A tenor aria with only continuo; also the only aria not preceded by a recitative in this cantata. A very spirited movement, it is full of exuberance in the tenor line and leaping continuo line.
  5. (11) Chorus: Das Lamm, das erwürget ist. This starts with a chorale, but ends with a very large fugue, which also builds up to a large climax to conclude the piece.

Version History

  1. 9 Movements (I-IX), 1713? — "possibly a dialogue cantata for Soprano and Bass" 1. Very few traces left.
  2. Chrysander mentions a C Minor version supposedly performed for his audition at Halle later in 1713. This might include the last two movements and accompanying enlargements
  3. Weimar, 1714 — a D Minor version, of which no traces survive except Bach's note of its occurence.
  4. Revivals occured numerous times, an unusual occurence. One was even during Bach's tenure in Cöthen.
  5. June 13, 1723 in Leipzig is another, which was Bach's 3rd Leipzig cantata presentation. C minor again, with the extra four trombones (!). This is the version used. Probably there were several performances of this version.

Print Sources Consulted

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach
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