6 Sonate a quattro (Rossini, Gioacchino)
Free public domain sheet music from IMSLP / Petrucci Music Library
Sonata No.1 in G major
New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(after 1960).
Sonata No.2 in A major
Sonata No.3 in C major
Sonata No.4 in B♭ major
Sonata No.5 in E♭ major
Sonata No.6 in D major (Tempest)
Arrangements and Transcriptions
5 Quatuors Concertants (Nos.1-2, 4-6)
For 2 Violins, Viola and Cello
|Year/Date of Composition||1804 ca.|
|First Publication||1825-26 in an arrangement|
|Instrumentation||2 violins, cello, double bass, later arranged for string quartet|
- The history of these quartets is very interesting: Rossini wrote them in their original form (2 violins, cello, double bass) in about 1804, when he was 12 years old. Grove Music says that during his early years, "the Rossinis came to know a wealthy businessman in Ravenna, Agostino Triossi, and in 1804 they were summer guests at his nearby villa at Conventello. On this occasion the young composer wrote his six sonate a quattro. Rossini remained in contact with his ‘friend and patron’ for many years, also composing for him two overtures (the Sinfonia ‘al Conventello’ and the Grand’overtura obbligata a contrabbasso) and a Mass for Ravenna." One could infer from this a strong possibility that Sgr. Triossi was a double bass player.
- However, the first published edition, from 1825-6, was for the standard string quartet. There is no extant evidence that they were arranged by someone else, so either Rossini decided, or the publisher convinced him, that the standard quartet instrumentation would be better. Interestingly, only five of the sonatas were published; no.3 was left out.
- These are also known in a version for wind quartet (flute, clarinet, horn, and bassoon), but this was an arrangement of all six quartets made during Rossini's lifetime by a clarinetist named Friedrich Berr (1794-1838).