Swan Lake (ballet), Op.20 (Tchaikovsky, Pyotr)

Ambox notice.pngFor the concert suite extracted from the ballet, see Swan Lake (suite), Op.20a.


Contents

Performances

Sheet Music

Scores

Version A

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Publisher. Info. Holograph manuscript, n.d.(ca.1875-77)
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30 more: Title Page, Instrumentation, Contents, Synopsis, and Introduction • Act 1, No.1. Scene • Act 1, No.2. Valse • Act 1, No.3. Scene • Act 1, No.4. Pas de Trois • Act 1, No.5. Pas de Deux • Act 1, No.6. Pas d'Action • Act 1, No.7. Sujet • Act 1, No.8. Danse des Coupes • Act 1, No.9. Finale • Act 2, No.10. Scene • Act 2, No.11. Scene • Act 2, No.12. Scene • Act 2, No.13. Danses des Cygnes • Act 2, No.14. Finale • Act 3, No.15. [Scene] • Act 3, No.16. Danses du Corps de Ballet et des Nains • Act 3, No.17. Scene • Act 3, No.18. Scene • Act 3, No.19. Pas de Six • Act 3, No.20. Danse Hongroise • Act 3, No.21. Danse Espagnole • Act 3, No.22. Danse Napolitaine • Act 3, No.23. Mazurka • Act 3, No.24. Scene • Act 4, No.25. Entr'acte • Act 4, No.26. Scene • Act 4, No.27. Danses des Petits Cygnes • Act 4, No.28. Scene • Act 4, No.29. Scene Finale

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Editor First edition (+ reprint)
Publisher. Info. Moscow: P. Jurgenson, n.d.[1895]. Plate 4432. (#535915)
Reprinted New York: Broude Brothers, 1951. Plate B.B. 59. (other files)
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Misc. Notes The 1951 copyright claim is bogus.
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Editor First edition (reprint)
Publisher. Info. Moscow: P. Jurgenson, n.d.[1895]. Plate 4432.
Reprinted New York: Broude Brothers, 1951. Plate B.B. 59.
Copyright
Misc. Notes Typically inserted directly in Act III after No.20, if used at all; scored for solo violin and orchestra. This number was probably first issued in the 1895 printing of the full score, where it appeared as a supplement, along with Drigo's orchestrations of three Op.72 piano pieces used in the 1895 revival. Missing pages in Broude reprint provided with pages taken from Jurgenson score above.
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Editor Irina Iordan (1910–1976)
Georgy Kirkor (1910–1980)
Publisher. Info. Complete Collected Works, vol.11a (Полное собрание сочинений).
Moscow: Muzgiz, 1957. Plate M. 26458a Г.
Reprinted Moscow: Muzyka, n.d. Plate 2730.
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Version B

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Arranger Riccardo Drigo (1846-1930)
Publisher. Info. Moscow: P. Jurgenson, n.d.[1900]. Plate 25425-26.
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Misc. Notes Drigo's orchestration of 3 selections from 18 Pieces, Op.72 were included in the 1895 revision of the ballet staged by Petitpa.
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Editor Vissarion Shebalin (1902-1963)
Publisher. Info. Moscow: Alexandrov, 1895. Plate 2730a.
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Parts

Version A

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17 more: Flute 1, 2 • Oboe 1, 2 • Clarinet 1, 2 (A, B♭, C) • Bassoon 1, 2 • Horn 1, 2 (F) • Horn 3, 4 (F) • Cornet 1, 2 (A, B♭) • Trumpet 1, 2 (F, E, D) • Trombone 1, 2, 3, Tuba • Timpani • Triangle and Tanbourine, Snare Drum, Bass Drum and Cymbals • Harp • Violins I • Violins II • Violas • Cellos • Basses

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Publisher. Info. Manuscript, n.d.
Reprinted New York: E.F. Kalmus, n.d.(1960).
Copyright
Misc. Notes These files are part of the Orchestra Parts Project. Corresponds to Jurgenson's 1895 full score. Includes the Drigo orchestrations of the three Op.72 piano pieces.
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Arrangements and Transcriptions

Version A

For Piano (Kashkin)

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Arranger Nikolay Kashkin (1839-1920)
Editor Irina Iordan (1910–1976)
Georgy Kirkor (1910–1980)
Publisher. Info. Complete Collected Works, vol.56 (Полное собрание сочинений).
Moscow: Muzgiz, 1958. Plate M. 26493 Г.
Copyright
Misc. Notes Includes both 20a (Danse Russe) and 19a (Pas de Deux) as supplements
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Danse russe (No.20a)

For Piano 4 hands (Debussy)

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Arranger Claude Debussy (1862-1918)
Publisher. Info. Moscow: P. Jurgenson, n.d.(ca.1882). Plate 3343 T.303.
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Version B

For Piano (Langer)

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Arranger Eduard Langer (1835-1905)
Editor Riccardo Drigo (1846-1930)
Publisher. Info. Moscow: P. Jurgenson, n.d.[1900]. Plate 25615-25651.
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Misc. Notes This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project.
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Selections

For Orchestra
See: Swan Lake (suite), Op.20a


For Piano (Bantock)

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Arranger Granville Bantock (1868-1946)
Publisher. Info. London: Paxton, 1942. Plate 15626.
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Misc. Notes This file is from the MIT archive project.
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Var.1: L'espiègle 'Black Swan'

For Piano (Drigo-Still)

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Arranger Jonathan Still
after Riccardo Drigo (1846-1930)
Publisher. Info. Jonathan Still
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Misc. Notes Piano reduction of Drigo's 1895 orchestration of L'espiègle, Op.72 No.12, used in Act III of the 1895 revision.
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Scène. Moderato (Act 2 No.10)

For Flute and Piano (Pinna)

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Arranger Manuele Pinna (b. 1985)
Publisher. Info. Manuele Pinna, 2015.
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General Information

Work Title Swan Lake
Alternative. Title Лебединое озеро ; Le Lac des Cygnes ; Schwanensee
Name Translations 天鹅湖; 天鵝湖; Beltxargen aintzira; Jezioro łabędzie; 백조의 호수; Le Lac des cygnes; אגם הברבורים; Él lago de los cisnes; A hattyúk tava; Il lago dei cigni; Luikede järv; Danau Angsa; Schwanensee; 白鳥の湖; Η λίμνη των κύκνων; Hồ thiên nga; Labudovo jezero; Svansjön; Zwanenmeer; بحيرة البجع; O Lago dos Cisnes; Cignolago; Лебединое озеро; Лабудово језеро; Kuğu Gölü; Lacul lebedelor; สวอนเลก; El llac dels cignes; Joutsenlampi; Лебедине озеро; Svanesjøen; Labodje jezero; Labutí jezero; دریاچه قو; Лебедово езеро; გედების ტბა; Qu gölü; Gulbių ežeras; Labuđe jezero; O lago dos cisnes; Svanesøen; Labutie jazero; ოლორეფიშ ტობა; Лебедово Езеро; Gulbju ezers; Schwaanesee; Կարապի լիճ; Swan Loch; Хунт нуур; El llagu de los cisnes
Name Aliases Lebedinoïe ozero; Le lac des signes; Lac des Cygnes; Lago de los cisnes; El lago de los cisnes; Lago dei cigni; Lebenidoye ozero; Het Zwanenmeer; بحيره البجع; Lago de cignoj; Cigna lago; Kuğu Gölü Balesi; Llac dels cignes; دریاچهٔ قو; باله دریاچه قو; بالهٔ دریاچهٔ قو
Authorities WorldCat; Wikipedia; VIAF: 177215768; GND: 300033389; BNF: 139101598; BNE: XX2069458
Composer Tchaikovsky, Pyotr
Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No. Op.20 ; TH 12
I-Catalogue NumberI-Cat. No. IPT 125
Movements/SectionsMov'ts/Sec's 4 acts:
Introduction. Moderato assai (62 bars)
  • Act 1.
1. Scène. Allegro giusto (109 bars)
2. Valse. Tempo di Valse (399 bars)
3. Scène. Allegro moderato (125 bars)
4. Pas de trois
I. Intrada. Allegro (68 bars)
II. Andante sostenuto (66 bars)
III. Allegro semplice (72 bars)
IV. Moderato (40 bars)
V. Allegro (59 bars)
VI. Coda. Allegro vivace (64 bars)
5. Pas de deux
I. Tempo di Valse ma non troppo vivo quasi Moderato (104 bars)
II. Andante (104 bars)
III. Tempo di Valse (88 bars)
IV. Coda. Allegro molto vivace (149 bars)
6. Pas d'action. Andantino quasi Moderato (75 bars)
7. Sujet'(16 bars)
8. Danse des coupes. Tempo di Polacca (202 bars)
9. Finale. Andante (49 bars)
  • Act 2.
10. Scène. Moderato (76 bars)
11. Scène. Allegro moderato—Moderato—Allegro vivo (274 bars)
12. Scène. Allegro (96 bars)
13. Danses des cygnes
I. Tempo di Valse (144 bars)
II. Moderato assai (50 bars)
III. Tempo di Valse (100 bars)
IV. Allegro moderato (38 bars)
V. Pas d'action. Andante—Andante non troppo (146 bars)
VI. Tempo di Valse (88 bars)
VII. Coda. Allegro vivo (73 bars)
14. Scène. Moderato (70 bars)
  • Act 3.
15. Allegro giusto (176 bars)
16. Danses du corps de ballet et des nains. Moderato assai—Allegro vivo (136 bars)
17. Scène: La sortie des invités et la valse. Allegro—Tempo di Valse (362 bars)
18. Scène. Allegro (63 bars)
19. Pas de six
Intrada. Moderato assai (62 bars)
Var. 1. Allegro (65 bars)
Andante con moto (86 bars)
Moderato (38 bars)
Allegro (32 bars)
Moderato - Allegro semplice (66 bars)
Coda. Allegro molto (129 bars)
20. Danse hongroise. Czardas. Moderato assai—Allegro moderato (107 bars)
21. Danse espagnole. Allegro non troppo. Tempo di Bolero (103 bars)
22. Danse napolitaine. Allegro moderato—Andantino quasi Moderato (91 bars)
23. Mazurka. Tempo di Mazurka (192 bars)
24. Scène. Allegro—Valse (152 bars)
  • Act 4.
25. Entr'acte. Moderato (33 bars)
26. Scène. Allegro non troppo (56 bars)
27. Danses des petits cygnes. Moderato (108 bars)
28. Scène. Allegro agitato (96 bars)
29. Scène finale. Andante—Allegro agitato (217 bars)
  • Supplementary Numbers (inserted after premiere)
19a. Pas de deux:
Moderato—Andante (55 bars)
Allegro moderato (25 bars)
Allegro (49 bars)
Allegro molto vivace (153 bars)
20a. Danse russe. Moderato—-Andante semplice (160 bars)
Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp. 1875–77 A ; 1894–95 B (arr. Riccardo Drigo and Modest Tchaikovsky)
First Performance. 1877-03-04 A - Moscow, Bolshoy Theatre
Stepan Ryabov (conductor), Julius Reisinger (choreographer)

1895-01-27 B – St. Petersburg, Maryinsky Theatre

Riccardo Drigo (conductor), Marius Petipa/Lev Ivanov (choreographers)
First Publication. 1877 A - Moscow: P. Jurgenson
Piano (arr. Kashkin), Plate 2950, 164 pages.

1881 A - Selections (Nos.20a, 21, 22) for piano 4 hands (arr. Debussy), Plate 4431, 24 pages
1895 A – Full score, Plate 4432, 642 pages.
1900 B – Piano solo (arr. Langer), Plates 25615-25651, 173 pages.
1957 A - Moscow: Muzgiz (in vols.12A and Б of Complete Collected Works)

Full score. Plates M. 26458-a Г. (Acts I and II) ; Plate M. 26458-б Г. (Acts III and IV).
Average DurationAvg. Duration 140 minutes
Composer Time PeriodComp. Period Romantic
Piece Style Romantic
Instrumentation orchestra
piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons
4 horns, 2 trumpets, 2 cornets, 3 trombones, tuba
timpani, triangle, tambourine, castanets, side drum, cymbals, bass drum, tam-tam, glockenspiel, harp, strings
Related Works See also the orchestral suite from the ballet, Op.20a.
Discography MusicBrainz
All Music Guide
External Links Tchaikovsky Research
Wikipedia article
Extra Information The Introduction was also arranged for solo piano by Tchaikovsky, 1875–76.