Les Troyens, H 133 (Berlioz, Hector)

Contents

Performances

Recordings

MP3 file (audio)
Rgagnaux (2016/3/19)

Performer Pages Philharmonia Orchestra (orchestra)
Performers Wilhelm Schüchter
Publisher Info. Parlophone PMC 1022, 1953.
Schattdorf: Gagnaux Collection
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Misc. Notes Recorded 26 november 1953, EMI Studio No. 1, Abbey Road, London
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MP3 file (audio)
Rgagnaux (2016/3/19)

Performer Pages Hermann Scherchen (conductor)
Performers Orchestre de la Société des Concerts du Conservatoire de Paris
Publisher Info. Ducretet Thomson 470 C 097, 1953.
Schattdorf: Gagnaux Collection
Copyright
Misc. Notes Recorded 2-3, 5-9 May 1952 in Paris, Maison de La Mutualité.
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Naxos

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Sheet Music

Full Scores

Complete, H 133 A

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2138 (2016/2/21)

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2138 (2016/2/21)

Publisher. Info. Holograph manuscript, 1856-63.
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Madcapellan (2011/7/13)

4 more: Act II • Act III • Act IV • Act V

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Madcapellan (2011/7/13)

Editor Hugh Macdonald (1940*)
Publisher. Info. New Edition of the Complete Works, Vol.2a–b
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1969. Plate BA 5442/I–II.
URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
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Misc. Notes 600 dpi
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Part I. La prise de Troie

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Daphnis (2010/5/24)

Editor First edition
Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d.[1899]. Plate A.C. 11,222.
Reprinted New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(ca.1970). Catalog 515.
Copyright
Misc. Notes Bookmarked by Act.
Note: The original Act I is here split into “Acts I and II”; the two tableaux of Act II now comprise “Act III”.
To accomodate the break in the middle of Act I, the last four bars of page 80 are altered into a final cadence, and the following Hymne troyenne has a new introduction grafted onto the front finishing at figure A on page 82.
The Hymne troyenne and Combat de ceste (pp.81–105) are an interpolation of previously typeset score by Choudens ca.1885; the majority of the typesetting appears to be the work of Breitkopf.
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Part II. Les Troyens à Carthage

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Daphnis (2010/5/25)

Editor First edition
Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d.(1885). Plate A.C. 6030.
Reprinted New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d. ca.1970). Catalog 516.
Copyright
Misc. Notes Contains many cuts and interpolations from Acts III–V of Les Troyens, too numerous to mention here; please refer to the discussion page.
Note: Act III is renamed as “Act I”; only the second tableau of Act IV is included as “Act II”; the first tableau of Act V comprises “Act III”, and the remainder of the Act becomes “Act IV”.
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Prélude à Les Troyens à Carthage (from Act III)

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Daphnis (2007/8/5)

Editor Charles Malherbe (1853–1911)
Felix Weingartner (1863–1942)
Publisher. Info. Hector Berlioz Werke, Serie II, Band 5
Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1900–07. Plate H.B. 14.
Reprinted Mineola: Dover Publications, 1995.
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Madcapellan (2011/7/16)

Editor Hugh Macdonald (1940*)
Publisher. Info. New Edition of the Complete Works, Vol.2c
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1970. Plate BA 5442.
URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
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Misc. Notes 600 dpi
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Overture

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M.kowalski49 (2021/5/15)

Editor Charles Malherbe (1853–1911)
Felix Weingartner (1863–1942)
Publisher. Info. Hector Berlioz Werke, Serie II, Band 6
Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1900–07. Plate H.B. 22.
Reprinted New York: E.F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70). Catalog A3167.
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Marche troyenne, H 133 B

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Daphnis (2010/3/8)

Editor Charles Malherbe (1853–1911)
Felix Weingartner (1863–1942)
Publisher. Info. Hector Berlioz Werke, Serie II, Band 6
Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1900–07. Plate H.B. 22.
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Misc. Notes Concert arrangement of music from H 133 A, Act I
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Madcapellan (2011/7/16)

Editor Hugh Macdonald (1940*)
Publisher. Info. New Edition of the Complete Works, Vol.2c
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1970. Plate BA 5442.
URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
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Misc. Notes 600 dpi
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Chasse royale et Orage, Symphonie descriptive (concert version)

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Carolus (2021/5/6)

Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d.(ca.1886). Plate A.C. 6084.
Reprinted New York: E.F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70). Catalog A1309
Copyright
Misc. Notes Parts were issued in 1866 but the score lagged 2 decades behind.
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Madcapellan (2011/7/16)

Editor Hugh Macdonald (1940*)
Publisher. Info. New Edition of the Complete Works, Vol.2c
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1970. Plate BA 5442.
URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
Please obey the copyright laws of your country. IMSLP does not assume any sort of legal responsibility or liability for the consequences of downloading files that are not in the public domain in your country.
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Misc. Notes Berlioz’s 1863 re-orchestration for the smaller Théâtre-Lyrique forces: original Choudens parts also available.
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Original Act V Finale

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Madcapellan (2011/7/16)

Editor Hugh Macdonald (1940*)
Publisher. Info. New Edition of the Complete Works, Vol.2c
Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1970. Plate BA 5442.
URTEXT EDITION 
This “urtext” or “scholarly” (scientific) edition was published at least 25 years ago in Germany and thus is public domain in its country of origin. Such editions are also public domain in Canada because they fail to meet the minimum ‘threshold of originality’ to qualify for copyright as an ‘adaptation’. It may not be public domain elsewhere, however. More information about this can be found here.
Please obey the copyright laws of your country. IMSLP does not assume any sort of legal responsibility or liability for the consequences of downloading files that are not in the public domain in your country.
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Misc. Notes 600 dpi
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Parts

Chasse royale et Orage, Symphonie descriptive (concert version)

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KGill (2009/12/24)

10 more: Oboe 1/2 • Clarinet 1/2 (in B♭) • Bassoon 1/2 • Horn 1/2, 3/4 (in C) • Trumpet 1/2 (in E♭) / Cornet 1/2 (in B♭) • Trombone 1/2, 3, Tuba (or Ophicleïde) • Timpani (C, G, D), Bass Drum, Offstage Timpani 1/2 • Violins I, II • Violas • Cellos/Basses

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Generoso (2009/1/4)

Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d.(1866). Plate A.C. 2057.
Reprinted New York: E.F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70).
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Misc. Notes These files are part of the Orchestra Parts Project.
This orchestration represents the reduction of the full score (H 133 A) forced upon Berlioz by the 1863 Théâtre-Lyrique performance.
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Overture

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13 more: Oboe 1, 2 • Clarinet, Bass Clarinet (B♭) • Bassoon 1, 2 • Horn 1, 2, 3, 4 (F, D) • Cornet 1, 2 (B♭) • Trumpet 1, 2 (B♭) • Trombone 1, 2, 3 • Timpani • Violins I • Violins II • Violas • Cellos • Basses

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Editor Charles Malherbe (1853–1911)
Felix Weingartner (1863–1942)
Publisher. Info. Hector Berlioz Werke, Serie II, Band 6
Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1900–07. Plate H.B. 22.
Reprinted New York: E.F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70). Catalog A3167.
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Marche troyenne, H 133 B

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M.kowalski49 (2021/5/15)

15 more: Oboe 1/2 • Clarinet 1/2 (B♭) • Bassoon 1/2 • Horn 1/2, 3/4 (E♭, D) • Cornet 1/2 (B♭) • Trumpet 1/2 (B♭) • Trombone 1/2, 3 • Tuba • Timpani • Bass Drum/Cymbals • Harp 1/2 • Violins I • Violins II • Violas • Cellos/Basses

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Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d.
Reprinted New York: E.F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70). Catalog A1310.
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Dikanosdisgi (2015/10/19)

Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d.
Reprinted New York: E.F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70).
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Ballet Music

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13 more: Oboe 1/2 (2nd also English Horn) • Clarinet 1/2 (B♭) • Bassoon 1/2 • Horn 1/2, 3/4 (G, C) • Cornet 1/2 (C) • Trumpet 1, 2 (C) • Trombone 1/2, 3/Ophicleides • Timpani • Cymbals, Side Drum • Violins I • Violins II • Violas • Cellos/Basses

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Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d..
Reprinted New York: E.F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70). Catalog A1308.
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Vocal Scores

Complete

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Massenetique (2011/4/3)

Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d.(after 1889). Plate A.C. 987–988.
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Misc. Notes Re-issue (post–1889) of the first edition vocal score, with a table and appendix of the cuts in Acts III–V authorised by the composer. Pagination = ix, 444, iii
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Part I. La prise de Troie

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Carolus (2011/1/2)

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Daphnis (2009/1/28)

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Afp0815 (2014/7/24)

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Arranger Louis Narici (1858–1935), piano reduction
Editor 2nd edition
Language French
Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d.(ca.1892, released 1899). Plate A.C. 11,312.
Copyright
Misc. Notes Bookmarked by Act.
Note: The original Act I is here split into “Acts I and II”; the two tableaux of Act II now are made into “Act III”, however the second of these is mysteriously split into two tableaux! View UNC scan at archive.org
#335956/57 This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project.
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Part II. Les Troyens à Carthage

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Carolus (2010/12/30)

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Ottaviano (2008/8/4)

Editor First edition
Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d. (ca.1863). Plate A.C. 988.
Copyright
Misc. Notes This reprint of Berlioz’s privately published 1862 vocal score of Les troyens reflects the 1863 performance, which consisted of only half of the opera, and was thus entitled Les Troyens à Carthage. It lacks Acts I and II; it includes the Prélude and a prologue incorporating the Marche troyenne, which were composed to cover the omission of those acts. There are three further cuts in this score, in Acts IV and V: the Act IV duet of Anna and Narbal; the Act V duet of two Trojan soldiers, and the confrontation between Énée and Didon at the end of the same tableau.
Note: Act III is renamed as “Act I”; the two tableaux of Act IV become “Acts II and III” respectively; the first tableau of Act V is renamed as “Act IV”, and the remainder of the Act remains as “Act V”. View UNC scan at archive.org
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4 more: Prèlude & Act I • Act II • Act III • Act IV

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Arranger Louis Narici (1858–1935), piano reduction
Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, n.d.(1892). Plate A.C. 11,258.
Reprinted New York: E.F. Kalmus, n.d.(1960). - #86464-67
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Misc. Notes *Note: Act III is renamed as “Act I”; only the second tableau of Act IV is included as “Act II”; the first tableau of Act V comprises “Act III”, and the remainder of the Act becomes “Act IV”.
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Part V. Air de Didon: "Adieu fière cité" (No.48)

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Morel (2019/12/6)

Publisher. Info. Album Musica, No.35
Paris: Pierre Lafitte, 1905.
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Arrangements and Transcriptions

Chasse royale et Orage, Symphonie descriptive

For Theatre Orchestra (Fourdrain)

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Davidlhardie (2019/6/7)

Arranger Félix Fourdrain (1880-1923)
Publisher. Info. Paris: Choudens, 1923. Plate A.C. 15796.
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Misc. Notes Instrumentation
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Libretti

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Afp0815 (2014/7/19)

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Arranger Frank V. Van der Stucken (1858-1929), adapted for use on the concert-stage
Language English
Translator Henry Edward Krehbiel (1854-1923), Introduction and English text
Publisher. Info. New York: G. Schirmer, 1909.
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General Information

Work Title Les Troyens
Alternative. Title The Trojans, Grand Opera in 5 acts
Name Translations Троянцы (опера); Les Troyens; 特洛伊人; 트로이 사람들; Trojanerna (opera); Troijalaiset; A trójaiak; トロイアの人々; Los troyanos; Տրոյացիներ; Troiatarrak; La Trojanoj; لس تروینس
Name Aliases Падение Трои; Троянцы в Карфагене; La Prise de Troie; Les Troyens à Carthage; Les Troyens (opéra); Les Troyens (Berlioz); Die Trojaner; トロイ人; トロイア人; トロイの人々; トロイ人たち; トロイア人たち; トロイ人達; トロイア人達; Los Troyanos; Les Troyens a Carthage
Authorities WorldCat; Wikipedia; VIAF: 174592175; LCCN: n83021426; GND: 300019459; SELIBR: 221762; BNF: 13908501s; NLA: 35017832
Composer Berlioz, Hector
Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No. H 133
I-Catalogue NumberI-Cat. No. IHB 65
Movements/SectionsMov'ts/Sec's 5 acts
  • Acte Ier
1. Chœur. Après dix ans (Chœur de la Populace troyenne, 265 bars)
2. Récitatif et Air. Le Grecs ont disparu (Cassandre, 134 bars)
3. Duo. Quand Troie éclate (Cassandre, Chorèbe, 527 bars)
4. Marche et Hymne. Dieux protecteurs (Chœur, 130 bars)
5. Combat de Ceste — Pas de Lutteurs, 51 bars
6. Pantomime. Andromaque et son fils (Andromaque, Astyanax, Cassandre, Chœur, 93 bars)
7. Récit. Du peuple et des soldats (Énée, 82 bars)
8. Ottetto et Double Chœur. Châtiment effroyable
(Ascagne, Cassandre, Hécube, Énée, Helenus, Chorèbe, Panthée, Priam, Chœur, 85 bars)
9. Récitatif et Chœur. Que la déesse nous protège (Les mêmes, 40 bars)
10. Air. Non, je ne verrai pas (Cassandre, 99 bars)
11. Final: Marche Troyenne (Cassandre, Chœur, 244 bars)
  • Acte IIème, 1er Tableau
12. Scène et Récitatif. O lumière de Troie! (Ascagne, Énee, l’Ombre d’Hector, 142 bars)
13. Récitatif et Chœur. Quelle espérance encore
(Ascagne, Énee, Chorèbe, Panthée, Chœur de Soldats troyens, 159 bars)
  • Acte IIème, 2ème Tableau
14. Chœur–Prière. Puissante Cybèle (Chœur de Troyennes, 56 bars)
15. Récitatif et Chœur. Tous ne périront pas (Cassandre, Chœur, 82 bars)
16. Final. Complices de sa gloire (Les mêmes, un Chef Grec, Chœur de Grecs, 293 bars)
  • Acte IIIème
17. Chœur. De Carthage les cieux (Chœur du Peuple carthaginois, 39 bars)
18. Chant National. Gloire à Didon (Les mêmes, 35 bars)
19. Récitatif et Air. Nous avons vu finir (Didon, les mêmes, 154 bars)
20. Entrée des Constructeurs, 31 bars
21. Entrée des Matelots, 45 bars
22. Entrée des Laboureurs, 39 bars
23. Récitatif et Chœur. Peuple! tous les honneurs (Didon, Chœur, 69 bars)
24. Duo. Les chants joyeux (Didon, Anna, 184 bars)
25. Récitatif et Air. Échappés à grand’peine (Iopas, Didon, 55 bars)
26. Marche Troyenne (Dans le Mode Triste). J’éprouve une soudaine (Didon, 64 bars)
27. Récitatif. Auguste Reine (Ascagne, Didon, Panthée, 68 bars)
28. Final. J’ose à peine annoncer
(Ascagne, Didon, Anna, Iopas, Énée, Narbal, Panthée, Chœur, 415 bars)
  • Acte IVème, 1er Tableau
29. Chasse Royale et Orage — Pantomime. Ao ao... Italie!
(Chœur de Nymphes, Sylvains, Faunes, 351 bars)
  • Acte IVème, 2ème Tableau
30. Récitatif. Dites, Narbal (Anna, Narbal, 78 bars)
31. Air et Duo. De quels revers (Les mêmes, 90 bars)
32. Marche pour l’Entrée de la Reine, 27 bars
33. Ballets
a) Pas des Almées, 56 bars
b) Danse des Esclaves, 124 bars
c) Pas d’Esclaves Nubiennes, 104 bars
34. Scène et Chant d’Iopas, Assez, ma sœur (Didon, Iopas, 109 bars)
35. Récitatif et Quintette. Pardonne, Iopas
(Didon, Anna, Énée, Iopas, Narbal, 26+102 bars)
36. Récitatif et Septuor. Mais bannissons
(Ascagne, Didon, Anna, Énée, Iopas, Narbal, Panthée, Chœur, 8+58 bars)
37. Duo. Nuit d’ivresse (Didon, Énée; Mercure, 147 bars)
  • Acte Vème, 1er Tableau
38. Chanson d’Hylas. Vallon sonore (Hylas, 2 Sentinelles, 186 bars)
39. Récitatif et Chœur. Préparez tout (Panthée, Chefs troyens, 114 bars)
40. Duo. Par Bacchus (2 Sentinelles, 70 bars)
41. Récitatif mesuré et Air. Inutiles regrets (Énée, 97+158 bars)
42. Scène. Énée! (Énée, le Spectre de Cassandre, le Spectre d’Hector, le Spectre de Chorèbe, le Spectre de Priam, Chœur d’Ombres Invisibles, 33 bars)
43. Scène et Chœur. Debout, Troyens! (Énée, Chœur, 118 bars)
44. Duo et Chœu. Errante sur tes pas (Didon, Énée, Chœurr, 202 bars)
  • Acte Vème, 2ème Tableau
45. Scène. Va, ma sœur (Didon, Anna, 68 bars)
46. Scène. En mer, voyez! (Didon, Iopas, Chœur, 125 bars)
47. Monologue. Je vais mourir (Didon, 55 bars)
48. Air. Adieu, fière cité (Didon, 42 bars)
  • Acte Vème, 3ème Tableau
49. Cérémonie Funèbre. Dieux de l’oubli (Anna, Narbal, Chœur de Prêtres de Pluton, 75 bars)
50. Scène. Pluton semble (Didon, 62 bars)
51. Chœur. Au secours! (Didon, Anna, Narbal, Chœur, 42 bars)
52. Imprécation. Rome! Rome! (Les mêmes, 38 bars)
Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp. 1856–58, with additions 1859–60, 1863 and 1864 (Marche troyenne)
First Performance. 1863-11-04 in Paris, Théâtre lyrique (Acts III-V)*
1899-11-15 in Paris (Acts I–II)*
First Publication. 1863 (vocal score)
1885, 1899 (abridged full score)
1969 (complete full score)
Librettist the composer, after Virgil’s Aeneid, Book II and IV
Language French
Dedication à Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein (1819–87)
Average DurationAvg. Duration 4 hours
Composer Time PeriodComp. Period Romantic
Piece Style Romantic
Instrumentation voices, chorus, orchestra
InstrDetail
Personnages (major roles)
Cassandre (mezzo-soprano), prophétesse troyenne, fille de Priam et fiancée de Chorèbe
Didon (mezzo-soprano), reine de Carthage, veuve de Sichée prince de Tyr
Anna (contralto), sœur de Didon
Énée (ténor), héros troyen, fils de Venus et d’Anchise
Chorèbe (baryton), jeune prince d’Asie, fiancé de Cassandre
Ascagne (soprano), jeune fils d’Énée (15 ans)
Panthée (basse), prêtre troyen, ami d’Énée
Iopas (ténor), poète tyrien de la cour de Didon
Narbal (basse), ministre de Didon

Coryphées

Polyxène (soprano), sœur de Cassandre
Hécube (soprano), reine des Troyens
Priam (basse), roi des Troyens
Hélénus (ténor), prêtre troyen, fils de Priam
L’Ombre d’Hector (basse), héros troyen, fils de Priam
Hylas (ténor ou contralto), jeune matelot phrygien
Un Chef Grec (basse)
Deux Soldats Troyens (basses)
Le Dieu Mercure (baryton ou basse)
Un Prêtre de Pluton (basse)

Personnages muets (silent roles)

Andromaque, veuve d’Hector
Asyanax, son fils (8 ans)

Chœurs (mixed chorus)

Troyens, Grecs, Tyriens, et Carthaginois
Nymphes, Satyres, Faunes et Sylvaines
Ombres Invisibles (Il faut une certaine de choristes surnuméraires)

Orchestra

piccolo, 2 flutes (2nd also piccolo), 5 oboes (3rd also English horn),
2 clarinets (2nd also bass clarinet), 4 bassoons
4 horns, 2 trumpets, 2 cornets, 6 trombones, ophicleïde (tuba)
9 saxhorns (sopranino, 2 soprano, 2 alto, 2 tenor, 2 contrabass)
timpani, triangle, bass drum, multiple cymbals, tambourine, tarbuka, tam-tam,
crotales, 6–8 harps, strings
External Links Wikipedia article
Libretto (Berlioz Website)
Berlioz website – online scores (Scorch format)
Extra Information Composition, Performance and Publication history

Navigation etc.

Compositions and Literary Works by Hector Berlioz
Operas

Les francs-juges, H 23 · Benvenuto Cellini, H 76 · Les Troyens, H 133 · Béatrice et Bénédict, H 138

Symphonies

Symphonie fantastique, H 48 · Harold en Italie, H 68 · Roméo et Juliette, H 79 · Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale, H 80

Concert Overtures

Grande ouverture de Waverley, H 26 · Grande ouverture du Roi Lear, H 53 · Intrata di Rob-Roy MacGregor, H 54 · Le carnaval romain, H 95 · Le Corsaire, H 101

Liturgical works

Messe solennelle, H 20 · Grande messe des morts, H 75 · Te Deum, H 118

Other choral works

Lélio, ou le retour à la vie, H 55 · La damnation de Faust, H 111 · Tristia, H 119 · Vox populi, H 120 · L’enfance du Christ, H 130

Songs and cantatas

Herminie, H 29 · Cléopâtre, H 36 · Irlande, H 38 · Les nuits d’été, H 81 · Feuillets d’album, H 121 · Fleurs des landes, H 124

Writings

Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes · Les Soirées de l’Orchestre · Les Grotesques de la Musique · À Travers Chants · Mémoires