It is very unlikely that this work is public domain in the EU, or in any country where the copyright term is life-plus-70 years. However, it is in the public domain in Canada (where IMSLP is hosted) and other countries where the term is life-plus-50 years (such as China, Japan, Korea and many others worldwide). As this work was first published before 1926 or failed to meet notice or renewal requirements to secure statutory copyright with no "restoration" under the GATT amendments, it is very likely to be public domain in the USA as well.
|Genre Categories||;; ; ;|
|Work Title||Violin Sonata No.1|
|Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No.||Op.12|
|I-Catalogue NumberI-Cat. No.||IGS 16|
|Dedication||Joseph Joachim (1831–1907)|
|Composer Time PeriodComp. Period||Early 20th century|
The composer wrote 2 violin sonatas, according to the biography at bach-cantatas.com . Of course, a first of anything is - usually - not published as no. 1, and Hofmeisters Monatsbericht confirms that G. Schumann's first violin sonata was indeed in C♯ minor (while obligingly providing a date.)