N. Simrock

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Nicolaus Simrock
(1751-1832)
Early cover 1793
Typical cover (1841)
Typical Brahms cover (1879)
Decorative cover 1895
Decorative cover 1897
Decorative cover ca.1900
Cover 1910
Cover 1916

Contents

History

Founded in 1793 by Nicolaus Simrock (1751-1832) in Bonn. A Paris branch was opened in 1802 by Nicolaus' brother Heinrich (Henri) (1754-1839). Nicolaus' son Peter Joseph Simrock (1792-1868) opened a branch in Cologne and took over management of the firm after Nicolaus' death. Peter's son Friedrich August "Fritz" (1837-1901) inherited the firm in 1868 and moved the principal office to Berlin in 1870 under the name of Simrocksche Musikhandlung. At the same time, he sold the music shop and outsourced the engraving and printing business to Röder in Leipzig.

After Friedrich August's death in 1901, the company was transformed into a GmbH (limited liability company) and led by his nephew Johann Baptist "Hans" (1861-1910). The same year, he created the Simrock-Volksausgabe, a series of works still under copyright, but in high quality and at reasonable prices. Johann Baptist established a subsidiary in Leipzig in 1904, and set up agencies in London, Paris and New York at about the same time. Simrock absorbed the firm Bartholf Senff in 1907. In 1923, Fritz Auckenthaler, a grandson of Friedrich August, became leader of the firm. The publishing company Eos was absorbed by Simrock in 1925.

In 1929, N. Simrock was sold to the firm Anton J. Benjamin, who continued to use the Simrock name as an imprint. In 1938, the Nazi regime forced the sale of Simrock and other parts of Benjamin to Sikorski from Richard Schauer who then owned the company.

The end of the war brought better times for the company. After a long restitution process, in 1951 the firm's ownership was returned to heirs of the Schauer family (owners of Benjamin), who continued to employ the Simrock imprint as part of their Benjamin-Rahter-Simrock division. It was to a great part due to the Simrock original editions (Simrock-Originalausgaben) that the company regained its former significance and soon again edited contemporary compositions.

Like many other publishers, the period 1990 onwards was a time of consolidation into increasingly large groups. In 2002, N. Simrock was, together with Benjamin, sold to Boosey & Hawkes. Owing to the widespread renown of N. Simrock, the series Simrock Original-Edition was created. It includes a great part of the Benjamin editions, also some that formerly were part of other Benjamin series.

Important Acquisitions

Editions

First editions

  • 1793:
Dittersdorf
VI. Airs d'une éxecution facile à l'usage des commençants arrangés à 4 mains pour le clavecin ou le piano forte tiés de l'operette Das rothe Käppchen
Overture to the opera Hocus Pocus for piano
Beethoven:
Klaviervariationen über Dittersdorfs "Es war einmal ein alter Mann" from Das rothe Käppchen
  • 1794: Many first editions of Beethoven works, e.g. Variations à quatre mains pour le piano forte sur un theme de Monsieur le Comte de Waldstein, WoO 67
  • 1796: Haydn: Trios, op. 21
  • 1800: Bach: Das wohltemperierte Klavier
  • 1801: Haydn: London symphonies no. 9 and 10
  • 1802: Bach: Three violin sonatas
  • 1805: Beethoven: Kreutzer-Sonata, op. 47
  • 1808: Weber: Der erste Ton, op. 14
  • 1810: Beethoven: Sextet, op. 81b; Haydn: Collection of 37 symphonies named "Symphonies à grand orchestre"; Weber: Grand quatuor in B flat major for piano quartet
  • 1811: Weber: Six sonatas for violin and piano
Bach: Magnificat
  • 1815: Weber: Grande polonaise, op. 21
  • 1817: Beethoven: Violoncello-Sonatas, op. 102
  • 1819: Weber: Vocal score of Abu Hassan; Bach: of Mass in A major (vocal score)
  • 1820: Beethoven: Variations for flute and piano, op. 107 (German first edition)
  • 1821: Händel: vocal score of 100th psalm
  • 1823: Weber: Grand potpourri, op. 20, Händel: vocal score of Messiah
  • 1825: Händel: vocal score of Alexander's Feast
  • 1826: Händel: vocal score of Israel in Egypt
  • 1827: Bach: vocal score of Mass in G major
  • 1830: Bach: Six cantatas; Händel: vocal score of Salomon
  • 1833: Bach: Mass in B minor (together with Nägeli of Zurich)
  • 1834: Bach: High mass
  • 1841: Mendelssohn: Lieder ohne Worte, Op.53
  • 1851: Schumann: Symphony no. 3, Op. 97

Collections

Notes

  • 1795-1814: during the french occupation of Bonn, the price was printed in Francs

Imprints, Addresses, Agencies

  • 1870: Berlin: Simrocksche Musikhandlung, printing from now on through Röders, Leipzig
  • by 1929: N. Simrock G.m.b.H., Berlin, Leipzig

Plate Numbers

  • Dates in italics are estimated.

Note: When the Bartholff Senff catalog was absorbed in 1907, Simrock incorporated the Senff plate numbers by adding a numeral in front of the older number, where possible. A Simrock plate number higher than 20000 will probably be a re-issue of a Senff plate, for example, Simrock 21234 is likely to be a re-issue of Senff 1234.

Recent publications by Simrock often - perhaps always - have edition numbers without plates (e.g. "Elite Edition 1247 Simrock" may be found on a 1970s score, but not an expected 5-digit plate.)

Catalogs

Sources Consulted

  • Sadie, Stanley. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
New York and London: Macmillan Publications, 1980.
  • Wier, Albert E. The Macmillan Encyclopedia of Music and Musicians in One Volume
New York: The Macmillan Co., 1938.
  • Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart. 2., neu bearb. Ausg. ed. Ludwig Finscher. Kassel: Bärenreiter, Stuttgart: Metzler 2006. Personenteil Bd. 15, S.835-838

Authority control

  • VIAF (N. Simrock (Firm))