Die Elenden sollen essen, BWV 75 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)

Contents

Performances

Naxos

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Synthesized/MIDI

Choral: Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan (No.14)

For Trumpet and Strings or Organ (Rondeau)

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Michrond (2013/3/17)

MP3 file (audio)
Michrond (2013/3/17)

Performers MIDI
Publisher Info. Michel Rondeau
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Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.
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Sheet Music

Full Scores

PDF scanned by Bach Digital
Jun T (2015/9/27)

Publisher. Info. Holograph manuscript, 1723
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Misc. Notes Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin (D-B): Mus.ms. Bach P 66.
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PDF scanned by Unknown
Feldmahler (2006/8/08)

Editor Wilhelm Rust (1822–1892)
Publisher. Info. Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe, Band 18
Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1870. Plate B.W. XVIII.
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Sallen112 (2017/6/16)

Editor Alfred Dürr (1918–2011)
Publisher. Info. Neue Bach-Ausgabe, Serie I. Kantaten
Band 15. Kantaten zum Trinitatisfest und zum 1. Sonntag nach Trinitatis (pp.85-132)
Kassel: Bärenreiter Verlag, 1967. Plate BA 5029.
URTEXT EDITION 
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Misc. Notes 600 dpi. Page size is 10.00 x 12.688 inches.
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Sinfonia (No.8)

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Editor Rutger Hofman
Publisher. Info. Rutger Hofman
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Parts

Sinfonia (No.8)

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Editor Rutger Hofman
Publisher. Info. Rutger Hofman
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Vocal Scores

PDF scanned by bh2000
Perlnerd666 (2008/11/9)

Arranger Bernhard Todt (1822–1907) [?]
Publisher. Info. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, n.d.(ca.1890)
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Misc. Notes Vocal Scores based on Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe
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Schalltrichter (2016/12/6)

Language Russian
Translator Mariya Avgustova Davydova (1863-19??), Russian text
Publisher. Info. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, n.d.(ca.1900).
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Arrangements and Transcriptions

Selections

For Organ (Bækgaard)

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wrshannon (2011/10/10)

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wrshannon (2011/10/10)

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Arranger Peter Bækgaard
Publisher. Info. Peter Bækgaard
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Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection, and are also included in the Peter Bækgaard Collection.
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Chorus: Die Elenden sollen essen (No.1)

For 2 Violins, Viola and Cello (Bartoli)

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Arranger Russ Bartoli
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Sinfonia (No.8)

For 2 Violins, 2 Violas and Cello (Bartoli)

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Arranger Russ Bartoli
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Misc. Notes Cantus firmus is shared by 4 upper parts.
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Choral: Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan (No.14)

For Trumpet and Strings or Organ (Rondeau)

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Michrond (2013/3/17)

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Arranger Michel Rondeau
Publisher. Info. Michel Rondeau
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Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.
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For Piano solo (Murrill)

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Dmitterd (2014/12/4)

Arranger Herbert Henry John Murrill
Publisher. Info. London: Oxford University Press, 1932.
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General Information

Work Title Die Elenden sollen essen
Alternative. Title The Poor shall Eat
Composer Bach, Johann Sebastian
Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No. BWV 75 ; BC A94
Key E minor
Movements/SectionsMov'ts/Sec's 14 movements (2 parts)
  • Prima parte
  1. Chorus: Die Elenden sollen essen, daß sie satt werden (E minor)
  2. Recitativo (bass): Was hilft des Purpurs Majestät (B minor-E minor)
  3. Aria (tenor): Mein Jesus soll mein alles sein (G major)
  4. Recitativo (tenor): Gott stürzet und erhöhet (A minor-C major)
  5. Aria (soprano): Ich nehme mein Leiden (A minor)
  6. Recitativo (soprano): Indes schenkt Gott ein gut Gewissen (G major)
  7. Choral: Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan (G major)
  • Seconda parte
8. Sinfonia (G major)
9. Recitativo (alto): Nur eines kränkt (E minor-G major)
10. Aria (alto): Jesus macht mich geistlich reich (E minor)
11. Recitativo (bass): Wer nur in Jesu bleibt (D major-C major)
12. Aria (bass): Mein Herze glaubt und liebt (C major)
13. Recitativo (tenor): O Armut, der kein Reichtum gleicht! (A minor-G major)
14. Choral: Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan (G major)
Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp. 1723
First Performance. 1723-05-23 (or 05-30) in Leipzig
First Publication. 1870
Librettist see below
Psalm XXII: 26 (No.1)
Anonymous (Nos.2-6, 8-13)
Samuel Rodigast (1649-1708) (Nos.7, 14)
Language German
Dedication 1st Sunday after Trinity
Average DurationAvg. Duration 40 minutes
Composer Time PeriodComp. Period Baroque
Piece Style Baroque
Instrumentation Vocal: soprano, alto, tenor, bass; mixed chorus (SATB)
Orchestra: 2 oboes, trumpet, strings, continuo
Mss Sources Bach Digital (source list)
External Links Wikipedia article
Bach-Cantatas.com

Misc. Comments

Bach's first Cantata as Thomaskantor.

Commentary on the movements

Prima parte

  1. Chorus: Die Elenden sollen essen. A slow-fast French Overture-like movement.
  2. Recitativo (Bass): Was hilft des Purpurs Majestät. Recitative with string accompaniment.
  3. Aria (Tenor): Mein Jesus soll mein alles sein. Aria with strings and oboes. The tenor entry is on a "decidedly vocal 'motto'"1. Also, this could perhaps be a polonaise.
  4. Recitativo (Tenor): Gott stürzet und erhöhet. Secco recitative.
  5. Aria (Soprano): Ich nehme mein Leiden. A "minuet"-like aria with obbligato oboe d'amore.
  6. Recitativo (Soprano): Indes schenkt Gott ein gut Gewissen. Secco recitative.
  7. Choral: Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan. A more generous chorale setting than usual, with much independent writing.

Seconda parte

  1. Sinfonia. A sinfonia for trumpet and strings. However, the composition is really just a chorale arrangement again.
  2. Recitativo (Alto): Nur eines kränkt. Recitative with string accompaniment.
  3. Aria (Alto): Jesus macht mich geistlich reich. A "quasi-passepied"1. The obbligato here is unison violins.
  4. Recitativo (Bass): Wer nur in Jesu bleibt. Secco recitative.
  5. Aria (Bass): Mein Herze glaubt und liebt. The trumpet here has a juicy concertante part in the final aria.
  6. Recitativo (Tenor): O Armut, der kein Reichtum gleicht! Secco recitative.
  7. Choral: Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan. A more generous chorale setting than usual, with much independent writing.

Print Sources Consulted

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach