Gott ist mein König, BWV 71 (Bach, Johann Sebastian)

Contents

Performances

Naxos

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Synthesized/MIDI

Arioso: Tag und Nacht ist dein (No.4)

For Trumpet and Organ (Rondeau)

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Michrond (2015/12/18)

Performers MIDI
Publisher Info. Michel Rondeau
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Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection.
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Sheet Music

Full Scores

PDF scanned by Bach Digital
Ivdruiz (2011/6/6)

Publisher. Info. Holograph manuscript, n.d.[1708].
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Feldmahler (2006/8/08)

Editor Wilhelm Rust (1822–1892)
Publisher. Info. Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe, Band 18
Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1870. Plate B.W. XVIII.
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Peter (2007/6/18)

Copyist Hermann Kretzschmar (1848–1924)
Publisher. Info. Composer's manuscript, n.d.[1708].
Reprinted Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, n.d.(ca.1895). Plate B.W. XLIV.
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Vocal Scores

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Carolus (2011/1/29)

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Carolus (2011/1/29)

Arranger Bernhard Todt (1822-1907), piano reduction
Language German
Publisher. Info. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1892. Plate J.S.B.I. 71.
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Misc. Notes This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project.
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Perlnerd666 (2008/11/9)

Arranger Bernhard Todt (1822-1907), piano reduction
Language German / English
Publisher. Info. Leipzig: Breitkopf und Härtel, 1892. Plate J.S.B.I. 71.
Reprinted New York: Edwin F. Kalmus, n.d.(1933-70).
English text added, score re-formatted to 40 pages from 32.
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Misc. Notes Vocal Scores based on Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe
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Arrangements and Transcriptions

Aria with chorale: Soll ich auf dieser Welt (No.2)

For Organ solo (Bækgaard)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

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wrshannon (2011/10/2)

Arranger Peter Bækgaard
Publisher. Info. Peter Bækgaard
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Misc. Notes These file(s) are part of the Werner Icking Music Collection, and are also included in the Peter Bækgaard Collection.
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Arioso: Tag und Nacht ist dein (No.4)

For Trumpet and Organ (Rondeau)

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Michrond (2015/12/18)

ZIP typeset by arranger
Michrond (2015/12/18)

Arranger Michel Rondeau
Publisher. Info. Michel Rondeau
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General Information

Work Title Gott ist mein König
Alternative. Title God is my King
Composer Bach, Johann Sebastian
Opus/Catalogue NumberOp./Cat. No. BWV 71 ; BC B1
Key D major
Movements/SectionsMov'ts/Sec's 7 movements
  1. Tutti: Gott ist mein König (D major)
  2. Air (Soprano, Tenor): Ich bin nun achtzig Jahr (F minor)
  3. Fuga: Dein Alter sei wie deine Jugend (B minor)
  4. Arioso (Bass): Tag und Nacht ist dein (F major)
  5. Air (Alto) : Durch mächtige Kraft (D major)
  6. [Chorus]: Du wollest dem Feinde nicht geben (D minor)
  7. Tutti: Das neue Regiment (D major)
Year/Date of CompositionY/D of Comp. 1708 in Mühlhausen
First Performance. 1708-02-04 in Mühlhausen
First Publication. 1708 (parts) ; 1870 (BGA) (score)
Librettist see below
Psalm LXXIV: 12, 16-17, 19 (Nos.1, 4, 6)
2 Samuel 19: 35, 37 (No.2)
Johann Heermann (1585-1647) (No.2)
Deuteronomy 33: 25 (No.3)
Genesis 21: 22 (No.3)
Anonymous (Nos.5, 7)
Language German
Dedication For the 1708 Council Election at Mühlhausen
Average DurationAvg. Duration 20 minutes
Composer Time PeriodComp. Period Baroque
Piece Style Baroque
Instrumentation Vocal: soprano, alto, tenor, bass; mixed chorus (SATB)
Orchestra: 2 recorders, 2 oboes, bassoon, 3 trumpets, timpani,
2 violins, viola, viola da gamba, continuo (organ obbligato)
Mss Sources Bach Digital (source list)
External Links Wikipedia article
Bach-Cantatas.com

Misc. Comments

As it was traditional for the election cantatas at Mühlhausen to be published, this is the music of the earliest publication of Bach's music.

The problem with trying to figure out the Key and the Keys of the various movements is that there are too many different keys used in the written and published parts: The Trumpets, the Timpani, the Violins, the Viola, the Violon, the Voices, and the Organ are written in for D instruments (that is, D Trumpets, D-transposed Voices, Violon, Timpani, Violins, Viola, and Organ), while the recorders are written in A (with no change of Key signature [one flat]) and the other instruments (the Oboes and the Basson) in concert pitch (D with 2 sharps, no transposition). This is probably why the BGA score forgoes all these problems and uses C as the main pitch (and also why it is usually thus performed in that key). BachFan 16:42, 18 December 2015 (EST)

Commentary on the movements

  1. Tutti: Gott ist mein König. Bach here divides the ensemble into five parts to make a highly variegated and heterogeneous sound. The movement is highly festive. D major
  2. Air (Soprano, Tenor): Ich bin nun achtzig Jahr. The organ here provides some obbligato. F minor
  3. Chorus (Fuga): Dein Alter sei wie deine Jugend. A very early permutation fugue of Bach's. For chorus with only Organ accompaniment. B minor
  4. Arioso (Bass): Tag und Nacht ist dein. A da capo aria; however, the music sounds more like Schütz than later Bach. F major
  5. Air (Alto) : Durch mächtige Kraft. A brief solo with plentiful interjections from the trumpets. D major
  6. [Chorus]: Du wollest dem Feinde nicht geben. The bassoon has an interestingly independent line here. The ending of this movement in particular is notable. D minor
  7. Tutti: Das neue Regiment. A motet-like, festive final chorus. D major

Print Sources Consulted

Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach